Libya: Celebrating Xenophobia

As the Sicilia sailed into the Bay of Naples, its decks were crammed with 677 distraught and dispirited Italians, many of whom had never seen Italy before. They were part of a wave of refugees from Libya, where the military regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is celebrating its first anniversary in power by expelling the last 6,000 members of an Italian community that numbered 25,000 only a year ago.

Shortly after Gaddafi and other young nationalist officers overthrew the regime of old King Idris on Sept. 1, 1969, Gaddafi reassured the Italians,...

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