North Viet Nam: How Hanoi Hangs On

It is no secret that the South Vietnamese economy would collapse in a matter of weeks if U.S. support were withdrawn. Less widely recognized is the fact that, without considerable aid from the Soviet Union, China and other Communist countries, North Viet Nam would hardly be able to support its own 20 million people, much less prosecute a war that now embraces all of Indochina.

A new, confidential British government study on the North Vietnamese economy, which TIME obtained last week, shows that behind Hanoi's stubborn determination to persist in the war...

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