West Germany: Shifting South

The heavy industry of the Ruhr built the machines for two world wars and, in more recent years, fueled the post war recovery of West Germany. The Ruhr's steel furnaces and coal pits, eternally enveloped in a grimy grey haze, are still regarded as the foundation of the country's economy. Yet, almost un noticed, the concentration of new German industry has shifted south from the Ruhr to a bucolic land of rolling hills and medieval towns: the state of Baden-Württemberg, between the Rhine and Lake Constance.

Sharp Contrast. Baden-Württemberg was formerly famed mostly for the cuck oo clock, which remained...