IN developing nations throughout the world, domestic car production is a foremost symbol of industrial coming-of-age. As a result, the list of auto-producing countries is lengthening, even if many of them make cars only under license with the major manufacturers in other nations. Such arrangements vary widely, from mere final assembly of a vehicle to the production of most parts locally. Manufacturers' labels are often misleading. The Nasr (Victory) sedans of the U.A.R., for example, are in fact Fiats assembled in Cairo. Some countries—for one, Red China, which makes passenger cars named Red Flag and Phoenix—refuse to publish production figures, and...

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