Archaeology: Digging for History

Archaeologists have learned to be satisfied if their patient scraping unearths the wherewithal for even a footnote in the slowly growing record of man's early history. But recent digs have turned up enough material to flesh out two rich chapters in that saga. At Sardis, in western Turkey, a Harvard-Cornell N.Y.U. group has uncovered what is believed to be one of King Croesus' fabled gold refineries. In the barren desert of southeastern Iran, archaeologists from Harvard's Peabody Museum have found evidence of an extinct Middle Eastern city that was conquered by...

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