Disasters: Death from Above and Below

At three separate spots on both sides of the Pacific Ocean last week, natural disasters dealt death and destruction. A long-dormant Central American volcano unexpectedly blew up, and severe earthquakes produced panic in a pair of crowded capitals:

> In Costa Rica, Mount Arenal had been quiet for nearly five centuries, its graceful cone plugged solidly with ages-old magma. Without warning one afternoon, Arenal blew a huge hole in its flank. Vaporized magma shot out at 1,472° F. and incandescent gas soared thousands of feet into the sky. Red-hot volcanic ash spread...

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