Transplantation: Four Hearts

In an unprecedented flurry of daring surgery, four human hearts were transplanted last week: two in Europe, two in the U.S., bringing the world total of such operations to ten.


French surgeons had to wait for months—not only for a suitable donor and recipient but also for their government to decide when a dead man is dead. At last the Cabinet ruled that a donor is dead when his electroencephalogram (brainwave recording) has shown no activity and he has had no reflexes for several hours. Scarcely was this decision taken when Donor...

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