Milwaukee: Victory for Mrs. Vel

Few northern cities have more sharply segregated housing conditions than Milwaukee, where de facto barriers for years have walled Negroes into the inner core. And last summer and fall, few cities seemed less likely to do anything about the problem.

For 200 days last year, black demonstrators led by the Rev. James Groppi, 37, a Milwaukee-born Italian-American, paraded from the ghetto into the Polish-occupied South Side and the city's other ethnic sections to demand a city open-housing ordinance. Negroes constitute only 10% of the city's 781,600 population, and for a time the marches threatened to polarize white opinion against the Groppians,...