Defamation: Victory for Historians

Ever since Pittsburgh Steel Tycoon Henry Clay Frick left his strong-willed daughter a fortune that has grown to at least $38 million in five decades, Helen Clay Frick has spent her life idealizing his "Christian" memory and devoting his cash to such cultural works as Manhattan's Frick art museum. Thus in 1964, Miss Frick was incensed when she unwrapped a Christmas present: Historian Sylvester K. Stevens' Pennsylvania: Birthplace of a Nation (Random House), which limned her "stern, brusque, autocratic" father as the hard-knuckled "Coke King" who forced Pennsylvania coal miners to toil for $1.60 a day and crushed "the...

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