Bolivia: Exporting Perunismo

Peru's year-old military regime affects a staunchly nationalist leftist stance in a part of the world where juntas have usually been right — at least ideologically.

"Perunismo," as the phenomenon has come to be known, is evidently ex portable. The soldiers who seized power in neighboring Bolivia last week quickly promised land reform, recognition of "socialist countries" and a left-wing policy. Said General Alfredo Ovando Candia, 51, the junta strongman and new President: "It is our wish to establish a sort of confederation with the Peruvian military regime."

The bloodless takeover itself was un remarkable in a country which, during its...

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