As the school doors swing open throughout most of the nation this week, the South and its 50 million people face a year of enormous significance. 1969 is the most crucial year for school integration since the Supreme Court 15 years ago ordered that the system of dual schools for whites and blacks be dismantled. In 1968-69, only 20% of the Negro children in the South attended integrated schools; this fall, the percentage will nearly double. Moreover, the Government also inherited from the Johnson Administration plans to press —and press hard—upon those Southern education districts that had not yet begun realistic...

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