Behavior: Reinforcement Therapy: Short Cut to Sanity?

EIGHT years ago, Jane S. listened numbly to voices from what she called the "optimological world." They told her to wear heavy clothing in summer, to avoid bathing or speaking to people and never to leave Illinois' Anna State Hospital. For 27 years, she had been considered an incurable schizophrenic. Today, Jane lives in a small town working as a companion to an elderly woman. She shows no sign of ever having been a mental patient.

Jane's rescue from the subhuman existence of a mental-hospital ward is one of several hundred dramatic improvements that...

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