Judaism: Reformers in Zion

Enormous posters appeared on the walls of Jerusalem's Orthodox Jewish quarters. "This must not happen!" the signs warned. "It is a desecration. Come by the thousands to the Holy Wall." Task forces of black-frocked, black-hatted rabbis and students took turns guarding the city's Wailing Wall, while more than 1,000 Jerusalem policemen stood on the alert to prevent violence.

Another Arab invasion? Hardly. The emergency was an attempt by Reform Jews to hold a worship service with men and women praying together at the sacred Wailing Wall, the only remaining ruin of Judaism's Second...

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