OUR nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal." With that deliberately provocative observation, the President's Commission on Civil Disorders warned last week that there is not a moment to lose if the deepening division between white and black U.S. citizens is ever to be closed. So critical did the commission find the problem—and so hopeful was it of shocking the U.S. into badly needed reforms—that with a burst of publicity, it rushed its 250,000-word report before the public four months ahead of schedule.

"There can be no higher...

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