Defense: Liberty v. Security

In the 17 years since Congress adopted the anti-Communist McCarran act over a presidential veto, the law's provisions have been systematically chipped away by the Supreme Court. Last week the court filed the act's last remaining fangs almost to the vanishing point.

By a vote of 6 to 2, the court rejected as unconstitutional the McCarran provision that any Communist Party member is ipso facto denied the right to work in defense plants. "For almost two centuries our country has taken singular pride in the democratic ideals enshrined in its Constitution," said Chief Justice Earl Warren, who delivered the majority...

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