Brazil: Democracy on the Shelf

After the 1964 revolution that installed him in power, Brazilian President Humberto Castello Branco ruled the country with a pragmatic blend of democracy and dictatorial decrees. As time went on, the element of democracy became smaller and smaller. Last week, what little remained was at least temporarily shelved. In his "Complementary Act 23," Castello Branco closed Congress until Nov. 22, seven days after the upcoming congressional elections.

Six Too Many. Thus ended a long, sometimes bitter tug-of-war that began 31 months ago, when Castello Branco declared war on corruption, graft and "anti-revolutionaries." Too often for congressional comfort, that label came...

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