Republicans: Dilemma in Dixie

Though the Republican Party's Southern renaissance started in the '50s, G.O.P. leaders are unhappily aware that its gains in 1964 were achieved largely with the help of defecting white Democrats incensed at the Administration's support of civil rights. Nor were Republican officials made any happier last week by a penetrating analysis of its dilemma in Dixie prepared by two liberal groups, the nationally organized Republicans for Progress and the Yale-based Republican Advance. Their report, a product of a state-by-state survey, warned that G.O.P. organizations in Alabama, Mississippi and South Carolina are "lily-white," and described party support for segregationist candidates as...

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