The Congo: Bumpy Road to Democracy

It was to have been a milestone in Congolese history—the day when the nation erased the memories of nearly five years of chaos and proved that it too was a democratic nation capable of running its own affairs. In the first nationwide elections since independence, it was Leopoldville's turn to vote.

At 4 a.m. the first voters began to line up in front of the city's polling stations. A few hours later, when President Joseph Kasavubu was due to cast his ballot, observers from eleven African nations were on hand to applaud, television crews had set up their cameras,...

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