Uruguay: Peaceful Revolution

For 15 years, tiny Uruguay has been ruled by a Swiss-style National Council that has caused it no end of trouble. The only answer, Uruguayans finally realized, was to toss it out and get a new form of government. Last week they did that, and did it peacefully. In a quiet, orderly referendum, the country's 1,200,000 voters decided to return to a single, one-man .presidency. The new President is Oscar Gestido, 65, a scrupulously honest, mild-mannered ex-Air Force general whose liberal Colorado Party swept into power for the first time in eight years.

The urgently needed change was supported by 62%...

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