Haiti: What Is Called Democracy

The scraps of paper came in pink, red, green, blue and yellow. But they all said the same thing: "Citizen Dr. François Duvalier, President of the Republic, will exercise for life his high functions according to Article 92 of the present constitution. Does this conform to your wishes? And do you ratify it?" At the bottom, in big black letters, was the word OUT.

In Haiti last week Duvalier was holding a "popular referendum" before he assumed office for life. It was only proper, said "Papa Doc," because "we have what is called a democracy." But in the dank, dark...

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