Turkey: The Second Republic

In the Turkish elections three weeks ago, no party won a clear mandate, but the Republicans, favored by the armed forces and by General Cemal Gursel's junta, suffered a setback while the Justice Party, drawing supporters of executed Premier Adnan Menderes, showed considerable strength. In the wake of these results, as the parties maneuvered to form a new government, the country's top military brass* gathered ominously in Ankara. Out to the politicians went an invitation as crisp as a parade-ground command: form a coalition government of all major parties, with Gursel as...

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