THE CONGRESS: Panic & Payola

With civil rights out of the way. Democratic and Republican leaders in Congress trained their verbal artillery on one another in readiness for a partisan election-year battle. Republicans rallied around President Eisenhower's black-ink budget; Democrats pushed forward under the banner of welfare legislation.

When word reached Capitol Hill that the President was readying a special message urging Congress to hold down on spending, Democrats fired away. Republicans were "grabbing everywhere for an issue," growled House Speaker Sam Rayburn. It is "saddening," said Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson, "that there are...

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