Science: Conquistadors' Capital

Beneath the cornfields of an Indian pueblo, diligent diggers last week worked to uncover a half-forgotten chapter of U.S. history. Led by Professor Florence Ellis of the University of New Mexico, 60 student archaeologists are bringing to light the long lost site of San Gabriel de Yunque, first capital of New Mexico. It was founded in 1598—ten years before the first permanent English settlement in America at Jamestown, Va., and 22 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.

When the students first started to dig three years ago, they almost gave up...

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