Art: Polish Moderns

Of all countries behind the Iron Curtain, Poland has most successfully kept alive its cultural ties with the West. One of the hardiest roots has been the long Polish tradition of abstract art, some of whose practitioners date their conversions back to the days of early cubism and Russian constructivism. Even six years of Nazi occupation failed to eradicate it; a 1945 victory exhibition in Cracow abounded in fantastic expressionist and nonobjective canvases. Though this first frantic flowering was followed by a wintery decade of tough Stalinist socialist realism, Polish painters worked in...

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