Religion: Atheists in Office

The Supreme Court of the United States last week unanimously reversed two lower courts to find that the State of Maryland's "religious test for public office unconstitutionally invades . . . freedom of belief and religion." The case in question: Roy R. Torcaso's application for a commission as notary public, denied two years ago because he says flatly that he does not believe in God.

Article 37 of Maryland's constitution states that "no religious test ought ever to be required as a qualification for any office of profit or trust in this State, other...

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