After seven days of martial law, officials of Premier Adnan Menderes' government judged that the tension in Turkey was subsiding. Istanbul students who tried to stage new demonstrations against the ruling Democrats during the three-day NATO foreign ministers' meeting were thrown back by troops. The legislative "inquiry" into the opposition Republicans' "subversive and illegal" activities was already well under way in star-chamber secrecy. At midweek, students in Ankara began bandying about the rallying password "55 K" (translation: May 5 at 5 p.m. at Kizilay Square). The password reached the ears of...

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