Religion: Liberty & Catholicism

The major stumbling block to Protestant-Catholic understanding— underlying the U.S. Protestant insistence on separation of church and state—is the question of religious liberty. The Roman Catholic record is clear, say Protestants; when in the minority, the church is all for religious liberty, but once in the majority, the church—as in Spain or Italy—sees to it that the religious rights of non-Catholics approach the vanishing point.

Many Catholics maintain that this is indeed the official policy of the church, set forth in the doctrine that error should not enjoy the same rights as truth, and that therefore the church (truth) can only tolerate...

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