Races: Riding the Freedom Train

The whistle of the northbound "Freedom Train" still casts its spell over Southern Negroes.

A breakdown of 1960 census figures shows that only 52% of the country's 18.9 million Negroes still live in the eleven states of the old Confederacy—compared with 60% in 1950 and 81% in 1910. In the midst of a general population increase and an increase of the Negro segment of the population from 10% to 10.5%, many Southern states showed only slight increases in Negro population. Arkansas and Mississippi had decreases.

At the other end of the line, New York counted the largest Negro population (1,417,511) of...

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