Minutes before taking off on his 22,370-mile global mission, President Eisenhower laid down before a TV audience of 38 million Americans a statement of national —and personal—purpose in the world to rank with his Guildhall speech in London in June 1945, Excerpts:

I SHALL try to convey to everyone our earnestness in striving to reduce the tensions dividing mankind—an effort first requiring, as indeed Mr. Khrushchev agrees, the beginning of mutual disarmament. Of course, I shall stress that the first requirement for mutual disarmament is mutual verification.

Then I hope to make this truth clear—that, on all this earth, not anywhere does our...