Ever since the Russians began their space shots, an insistent array of U.S. military pundits, politicos and editorialists have charged that the U.S. is lagging behind the Russians in the missile race, is heading toward a disastrous missile gap in the 1960s, and is foolishly placing a balanced budget above adequate military defenses. Last week, at long last, Defense Secretary Neil McElroy, backed by "the best intelligence there is," rose to the challenge. With General Nathan Twining, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, McElroy went over to the Capitol to set...

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