Of all the nations now embroiled in the Middle East, Turkey is the only one that the U.S. is treaty-bound (in NATO) to defend. The sturdy and staunchly anti-Communist Turks are caught by geography between the Soviet Union and Syria. To guard their freedom, they keep 500,000 men under arms, and even with U.S. aid have a heavy defense burden. In addition, after centuries of feudalistic Ottoman rule, the Turks have tried to rush pell-mell into a modern industrial economy. Turkish Premier Adnan Menderes has spent more for public improvements than the...

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