National Affairs: A Report Card

SCHOOL INTEGRATION IN THE SOUTH

AT THE time the Supreme Court struck down the old separate-but-equal doctrine, on May 17, 1954, public school segregation was maintained by law in 17 states and in the District of Columbia. Last week, with a new school semester under way, a few headline-making blots of disorder in the South obscured the fact that approximately 122,000 Negro children are actually sitting in Southern classrooms with white children in formerly segregated schools. And this figure does not take in the federally operated schools (e.g., on military posts) that have integrated...