The Great Depression made a minority out of the Republican Party—and kept it that way for many a year. In November 1951, the Gallup poll found that 37% of the voters thought the nation's economic future was safest in the hands of the Democrats, while only 29% believed that prosperity could best be had under the Republicans. This public attitude in 1952 was outweighed by Dwight Eisenhower's personal popularity, but in that campaign the most effective Democratic slogan, "Don't let 'em take it away," harked back to Depression memories. As late as November 1955, the Gallup poll recorded that...

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