We are giving a new chance in life to 214,000 fellow humans.

—Dwight Eisenhower. Aug. 7, 1953

A stone's throw from Hitler's grandiose, marble-pillared Luitpold Arena on the edge of Niirnberg lies bleak, barbed-wired Camp Valka. refuge for fugitives from the Iron Curtain countries. At the Luitpold, time was when Hitler offered Germans the hope of Lebensraum. Today the U.S. offers Camp Valka's people a new chance in life—in the U.S. But the chance is still discouragingly hard to grasp.

In the 18 months since President Eisenhower signed the Refugee Relief Act of 1953, it has brought only 20,002 men, women and...

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