Science: Civilization's Cradle

Where is the motherland of civilization? Prehistorians generally locate it in Mesopotamia, but Seton Lloyd, director of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, thinks that the Anatolian Plateau farther north in Turkey may have been civilized first. One of his field parties has excavated a Bronze Age site near Burdur that looked at first like a small village of a dozen small houses. Deeper down, the diggers found mud and stone fortifications 10 to 15 ft. thick, and a wooden upper story that was apparently destroyed by fire about 4,500 B.C. Under the ruins were human skeletons and a great...

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