Science: Birds of the Future

Vanguard II was the first big success for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Encouraged and confident, NASA outlined to Congress its ambitious program for peaceful space navigation. Some of its projects: ¶ An Atlas with a single upper stage to put a 3,000-lb. satellite in orbit (available soon).

¶Vega and Centaur, both based on Atlas, but with two additional stages. Vega has a section of the Vanguard for its second stage. Centaur's second stage will burn hydrogen, whose high energy, according to NASA's Dr. Abe Silverstein, "will greatly increase our capability to send a mission to Mars and Venus." ¶ Most...

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