THE SOUTH: Union-Made Segregation

The handsome, white-columned Warren County High School overlooking Front Royal, Va. opened its doors last week in compliance with a U.S. district court order. But just 23 Negro pupils—and not one of the 1,044 white students locked out by massive resistance last September —went in to register. The whites chose to boycott rather than integrate. The 780 white pupils still in town kept right on attending private, segregated classes in the Methodist, Baptist and Episcopal churches, a museum and a former youth center. Cracked Front Royal's Town Manager G. Douglas Hamner: "This is what you call technical compliance."

Oddly enough,...

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