In pajamas and a hospital blanket, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles got into a wheelchair at Washington's Walter Reed Army Hospital just before 10:30 one morning last week, was wheeled down to a concrete-walled basement room 20 ft. square. A 1½-ton, lead-shielded door closed behind him as orderlies helped him onto a table. From the ceiling, doctors and orderlies pulled down the snout of a huge, telescope-like General Electric X-ray machine and pointed it at the patient's lower abdomen.

The doctors and orderlies left, took shelter behind the concrete walls, watched through twin-paned windows resistant to radiation as...

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