THE AMERICAS: Operation Pan American

In a major radio and TV speech, Brazil's President Juscelino Kubitschek last week called for a "meeting on the highest political level"—a hemisphere summit talk—to solve Latin America's "disease of underdevelopment." He dubbed the task of developing Latin America "Operation Pan American," and in effect appealed for a Marshall Plan to do the job.

Speaking from a paneled room of Rio's Catete Palace, with 20 hemisphere ambassadors present, Kubitschek praised the U.S. for its prompt aid in reconstructing war-ruined European economies. But, he said sadly, Washington did not show "equal interest in the serious problem of development in...