THE CONGRESS: Breach in the Line

THE CONGRESS Breach in the Line

Gathering forces for a surprise attack on the Administration's stand-pat tax bill last week, Florida's handsome Senator George Smathers found plenty of allies from the South and West. A top Capitol Hill specialist in transportation affairs, Smathers wanted to kill off the $700 million-a-year federal transportation taxes—3% on freight, 10% on passenger tickets, 4½% on pipelined oil, 4¢ a ton on coal shipments. And the South and West had long been grumbling that the freight tax discriminates unfairly against states far removed from the big-city markets and industrial...