EGYPT: Freedom, Yes & No

Fifty thousand Egyptians crowded under a vast, quilted tent in Cairo's Republic Square one evening last week to hear Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser proclaim his long-promised constitution. This was the moment when Egypt was to pass from military dictatorship to "republican and democratic government." To mark the switch, Nasser and his eight-man junta had resigned their army commissions. They took their places on the platform wearing civilian clothes. "The true revolution begins today," orated Nasser. "The whole people will constitute a supreme council for the revolution." "Ascha Gamal!" (Long live Gamal), chorused the crowd.

Down to the last page, Nasser's...

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