Medicine: Cold War Breakthrough

Medicine's most widespread and stubborn enemy, the common cold, has been forced into a small but significant retreat. Epidemiologist Winston H. Price, 33, of Johns Hopkins University, last week announced development of a vaccine-proved 80% effective in initial tests—to combat a major virus that may cause up to a third of all common colds.

Dr. Price (Ph.D. in general physiology) reported tests run on 100 children exposed to an outbreak of colds resulting from the virus. Those who got no vaccine caught eight times as many colds as those who did get it (in...

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