"Opportunity never knocks on the door," said Thomas John Watson. "You have to knock on opportunity's doors, and they are all around us." Tall and spare with a kindly, canny Scots face, T. J. Watson did not knock hard enough for opportunity's door to open wide until he was 40. But then, he transformed Manhattan's tiny Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. into International Business Machines Corp., a company that now circles the globe with 188 U.S. offices and six plants, another 227 offices and 17 smaller plants in 80 nations. For his hard knocking, opportunity richly repaid Thomas J. Watson: his family...

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