Death came to Europe's door last week and impatiently tapped out three initials: EDC. After four years of doubts and discord, the long-debated, much-despaired-of European Army treaty seemed irretrievably doomed.

It was a turning point in modern European history. Since the French first proposed it in 1950, the EDC blueprint (it has never been more than that) has divided nations, exasperated Parliaments, rocked alliances. Most of the world's top statesmen have striven for or against it: France's Monnet called EDC "inevitable," Russia's Molotov denounced it as "in tolerable," Germany's Adenauer regarded it as "indispensable." The Communists threatened a new "Korea...

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