The job of Under Secretary of State is officially defined as "principal assistant of the Secretary of State in the discharge of his various functions, aiding in formulation and execution of the foreign policies of the Government ... In matters which do not require the personal attention of the Secretary of State, he acts for the Secretary of State, and in the absence of the Secretary of State, he becomes the acting Secretary of State." If the Secretary does not happen to care for administrative work, as John Foster Dulles does not, the Under Secretary becomes virtually the administrative...

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