BETWEEN the U.S. Civil War and World War I, American painting was as vigorous and diverse as at any time in its history. Such artists as Eakins— Ryder, Inness and the young Glackens ranged across the field of art, from dreamy romanticism to meticulous realism. As Part II of its retrospective look at U.S. painting, TIME presents these four masters from the middle years of American history (see color pages). Their paintings are included in a show of American pictures from the Brooklyn Museum, on view this week at Manhattan's Knoedler Galleries.

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