Religion: Rights & Barriers

To geneticists attending an international congress in Rome, Pope Pius XII last week reasserted the Christian priority of the individual above the group.

"The fundamental tendency of genetics and eugenics," he said, "is to influence the transmission of hereditary factors to promote that which is good and eliminate that which is bad. This ... is irreproachable from the moral point of view, but certain methods used to obtain this aim . . . are morally contestable." In other words, the good of society alone is not enough to deprive the individual of his fundamental rights. Even in cases where one or both...

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