In the tree-lined Southern Rhodesian capital of Salisbury (pop. 53,000), jovial Sir Godfrey Huggins, 70, was sworn in last week as Prime Minister of British Central Africa, the brand-new federation of the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland and the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia. Sir Godfrey adjusted his spectacles, tuned in his hearing aid and almost shouted his oath of allegiance to the Crown. For Sir Godfrey, a lively and sure-handed surgeon with a flair for colonial politics, a 30-year dream had come true.

In his 20 years as Southern Rhodesia's Prime Minister, he badgered London for a...

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