In Kenya Colony's dusty highland capital of Nairobi (pop. 120,000), a quarter-mile-long queue of jumpy white settlers lined up last week to buy rifles and shotguns. White vigilantes patrolled their lush coffee plantations; two battalions of the King's African Rifles, supported by armored cars, deployed for action. The cause of all the commotion was the Mau Mau (rhymes with bow-wow), an African secret society whose savage warriors have pledged themselves in blood to drive the white man out of Africa (TIME, Sept. 1).

By last week, Mau Mau terrorists, striking from their bush...

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