Intermittently all week John Foster Dulles and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee wrestled with one of the nation's thorniest and most persistent problems of diplomacy: how to get France to ratify the European Defense Community treaty. Although both forces had a common goal, the signals between the State Department and Capitol Hill were at times thoroughly confused.

Behind closed doors, the committee met to vote on an amendment to the foreign-aid bill offered by Majority Leader William Knowland. The amendment called for drastic action: it would cut off military aid to France...

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